Good morning, and welcome to Summit Up, the world’s only daily column that is really perksertok-ed, if you know what we mean and we think you do. Scotty Bondo, the morning DJ at KCMV-106.3 FM, sends in this informative and amusing riff: I have recently heard many people say to me after a discussion of skiing; “You know the Eskimo’s have ____(Insert any number) words for snow and the English language has only a few…” I decided to research this assertion, as it seemed to me maybe to be a myth. After some Google searches and some e-mail to Inuit language and cultural sites, I have learned some interesting things. First, to be properly correct, the term is “Inuit” and not “Eskimo.” Even the term “Inuit” does not cover all the indigenous people found in the northern latitudes. It is a very rich, fascinating and diverse culture with many languages and dialects. There are some very talented and learned people who are trying to preserve these cultures and languages all over the world. I post this not to take anything away from their culture but instead to dispel any stereotypes that we inadvertently may be perpetuating. Secondly, it is a myth that the inutitut (or Inuktitut) language has many words for snow. They really only have a few base words for snow. Their language, like ours, depends on the use of qualifiers, prepositions and adjectives surrounding the word “snow” to describe the various conditions encountered in a snow and ice environment. The general word for snow in inutitut is “aput” or “aputi” (and is a popular romantic name for someone who has been born in the winter) Recently drifted snow is “akeolral” or “perksertok.” The verb “to snow” is “ganik.” One reason for the perpetuation of this myth is from journalists who jump on this inaccuracy to help make a humorous point. This trend can be found in an interesting list compiled by linguist Mark Liberman. At http://itre.cis.upenn.edu/~pullum/eskimo_quotes.html, he documents this myth from articles he has found that lists the number of words the Inuit allegedly have for snow from 20 to 100 words. So let’s bust this myth and remind people that backcountry snow enthusiasts have many more words for snow than anybody! Below is our vocabulary list that skiers and riders use at any given time to describe the snow around where we live and play. I have compiled 182 words/phrases from several sources: Telemark Tips message forums (of course,) Weather.com glossary of meteorological terms, and the Snow Sense avalanche primer, as well as from my own observations in my daily conversations with skier types. There are several words/phrases for the same type of snow condition, some foreign words that have entered popular lexicon, local colloquialisms, and a bunch of snow-science terms that are used when describing avalanche and snowpack conditions. My only criteria was that is a solid or near solid water-based substance or condition that a person can access or travel across. 1. POWDER 2. CHAMPAGNE POWDER 3. PACKED POWDER 4. CARDBOARD POWDER 5. LOUD POWDER 6. COLD-SMOKE POWDER 7. CONSOLIDATED COLD POWDER 8. DRY POWDER 9. SPRING POWDER 10. BLOWER POWDER 11. STELLAR POWDER 12. FLUFFY POWDER 13. FEATHER POWDER 14. NECTAR OF THE GODS 15. KOOTENAY GOLD 16. WHITE GOLD 17. BUTTER LOVE 18. POWDAH! 19. POW-POW 20. POW 21. SNORKEL SNOW 22. LE POUD 23. POUF DEVILLE 24. FRESHIES 25. PILLOWS 26. SILK 27. FAIRY DUST 28. CHALK 29. CHOWDER 30. CHUNDER 31. CORDUROY 32. ON-PISTE 33. OFF-PISTE 34. GROOMERS 35. MAN-MADE SNOW 36. MACHINE GROOMED GRANULAR 37. NATURAL SNOW 38. STOP-GO SNOW 39. SUGAR SNOW 40. EGO SNOW 41. BONER SNOW 42. SCHMOO 43. SCHNEE 44. ELMERS 45. STYROFOAM 46. CREAMY 47. GLAZED 48. CAKE FLOUR 49. BRULEE 50. OATMEAL 51. MUSHROOMS 52. SOUR CREAM 53. SHAVING CREAM 54. COTTAGE CHEESE 55. CREAMY BUTTER 56. SPONGE CAKE 57. SLURPEE 58. SHERBET 59. MASHED POTATOES 60. MERINGUE 61. HARDPACK 62. BOILER PLATE 63. RUTT PLATE 64. BULLETPROOF 65. PORCELAIN 66. ICE 67. CLEAR ICE 68. BLACK ICE 69. BLUE ICE 70. ICE LENS 71. NEW SNOW 72. OLD SNOW 73. LOOSE SNOW 74. WET SNOW 75. MOIST SNOW 76. ROTTEN SNOW 77. MANK 78. CRUD 79. BABY HEADS 80. FROZEN CHICKEN HEADS 81. DEATH CANTALOPES 82. DEATH COOKIES 83. MORTALITY BISCUITS 84. CORAL REEF 85. SIERRA CEMENT 86. CASCADE CONCRETE 87. DINNER-PLATE CRUST 88. DEATH CRUST 89. WIND CRUST 90. KILLER CRUST 91. BREAKABLE CRUST 92. FACETED CRUST 93. RAIN CRUST 94. SUN CRUST 95. FURROWED CRUST 96. DUST ON CRUST 97. MELT-FREEZE CRUSTS 98. RADIATION RECRYSTALLIZED CRUSTS 99. NEAR WET-LAYER CRUSTS 100. WIND PACK 101. WIND AFFECTED 102. WIND DEPOSITED 103. SPINDRIFT 104. RUNNELED 105. HARD SLAB 106. SOFT SLAB 107. WET SLAB 108. VARIABLE 109. CHOPPED/CHOP 110. CHUNKY 111. STICKY 112. BOOTABLE 113. GOOD PACKING 114. QUARRYABLE 115. SPARKLY 116. FIRM 117. SNOT 118. ELEPHANT SNOT 119. PENITENTES 120. SASTRUGI 121. PINWHEELS 122. FIRN 123. FIRNSPIEGEL 124. SLUSH 125. SLOP 126. GLOP 127. GLIT 128. GRAUPEL 129. CHOSS 130. SLEET 131. HAIL 132. FROZEN RAIN 133. ICE PELLETS 134. BLOWING SNOW 135. HORIZONTAL SNOW 136. DRIFTING SNOW 137. LAKE-EFFECT SNOW 138. ROLLED SNOW 139. THUNDER SNOW 140. UNMETAMORPHOSED NEW SNOW 141. ERASER SNOW 142. REFRIGERATOR SNOW 143. YELLOW SNOW 144. PINK SNOW 145. BROWN SNOW 146. SPRING CORN 147. DRY CORN 148. HOLLOW CORN 149. HERO CORN 150. SLOUGH/SLUFF 151. GRANULAR 152. FROZEN GRANULAR 153. CRYSTALINE 154. BOTTOMLESS MUSH 155. SUN CUPS 156. SUN BLASTED 157. WIND DEPOSIT 158. SURFACE HOAR 159. DEPTH HOAR 160. HOAR FROST 161. NEAR-SURFACE FACETS 162. INTERMEDIATE FACETS 163. ADVANCED FACETS 164. NEAR WET-LAYER FACETS 165. NEAR CRUST FACETS 166. SHARP-EDGE CRYSTALS 167. FACETED GRAINS 168. ROUNDED GRAINS 169. WET GRAINS 170. CUPPED GRAINS 171. STELLARS 172. SPATIAL DENDRITES 173. NEEDLES 174. CAPPED COLUMNS 175. HEXAGONAL PLATES 176. SQUARES 177. RIME 178. CONSOLIDATED SNOWPACK 179. TENDER SNOWPACK 180. AVALANCHE DEBRIS 181. NEVE 182. APATI Thanks Summit Up for your daily fun and insights! Well, thanks to you, Scotty, and here’s hoping you’ll be enjoying your favorite version of the white stuff (Hah! See? We just added another one!) all winter long! It’s Sunday, and we’re out sliding on frozen water crystals.