| SummitDaily.com

This week in history Nov. 27, 1920: Salesman dies in Breckenridge, national forests suffer small losses this season

As reported in the Nov. 27, 1920 edition of The Summit County Journal: Of a species long thought to be extinct, this splendid specimen, known to the natives of South America as the ghost fox, has just reached New York from South America.
Image from Colorado Historic Newspapers Collection

This week in history as reported by The Summit County Journal the week of Nov. 27, 1920.

Traveling salesman dies of pneumonia at Breckenridge hospital

Fred Walling of New York City, representing a line of vending machines distributed in this territory by the Morey Mercantile Co., died at the local hospital Monday morning shortly after 8 a.m. Walling arrived in Breckenridge the previous Wednesday and was very ill at the time. He consulted with Dr. Condon immediately and shortly afterwards took to his bed. On Thursday morning he developed a serious case of pneumonia and was taken to the hospital.

National forests suffer small fire losses in 1920

The efficiency of U.S. Forest Service fire fighting is shown by the fact that during the fire season, 80% of the forest fires which occurred in the national forests of Colorado, Wyoming and South Dakota were detected and extinguished by forest officers before they had burned over a quarter-acre of timberland. The total number of forest fires was 247 and the area burned was only 498 acres out of 20 million acres of national forests under the management of the Rocky Mountain district.

The total amount of timber destroyed was 747,000 board-feet, valued at $2,244 on the stump. The Forest Service spent $4,144 in fighting and suppressing fires.

The small number of fires this season in the forests is attributed in part by forest officers to increasing public cooperation in the educational campaign for forest fire prevention.

Blue River dredge is currently being repaired

The Blue River dredge operating on the Lambing placer about 2 miles below Breckenridge is undergoing a thorough overhauling before starting up operations that will continue steadily during the coming winter. This dredge was recently closed down and a reorganization of the company has now been affected. As soon as the repair work is completed it will commence operations. The repairs are expected to be finished Dec. 10.

Local news notes from all around Summit County

  • The No. 2 dredge of the Tonopah Placers company is now being dismantled. This dredge has not operated this season and the only work done in the vicinity was some testing with a Keystone drill.
  • School closed Tuesday for the Thanksgiving holidays so that the teachers who desired to would be able to reach their respective homes in time to celebrate their Thanksgiving. Misses Spencer, Patton and Foersman took advantage of the occasion.
  • W. H. Briggle returned from a few days’ business trip to Denver on Tuesday. While in the city, he is said to have tried to eat something that didn’t agree with him and since his return home has been confined to the house for several days.
  • Lee Bishop arrived from Leadville Thursday morning. He had been in the Cloud City in consultation with his physicians and is rapidly gaining strength after his long period of illness.
  • While in Denver, Alice Richardson has been attending the State Conference of Social Work, especially the sessions dealing with child welfare. She is gathering literature on the subject, which she will have for anyone who desires such information.


Longtime Keystone Resort employees reflect on 50 years of community spirit

DILLON — The April 12, 1970, headline in the Cedar Rapids Gazette might have seemed bold at the time. But a half-century later, as Keystone Resort has become one of the most popular ski destinations in the world, the headline doesn’t seem quite as daring as it might have five decades ago.

“Iowans’ Goal: To Dwarf Vail, Aspen Ski Areas,” the headline read.

Those Iowans were led by Bill Bergman, a native of Fort Madison, Iowa, who was a Hawkeye through and through. The leader of the Keystone development group pursued business law after he helped the U.S. Army bomb the Germans out of Italy as a navigator on B-24s. It was Bergman’s wife, Jane, who was the impetus to start another chapter in their lives in the Rocky Mountains, with her relatives in the tiny mountain town of Parshall.

When Bergman saw the 360-degrees of beauty in the old town of Keystone, he was sold on a future there. After a New Year’s Eve handshake deal over drinks at Bergman’s log cabin with Keystone co-founder Max Dercum, Bergman put in motion the moves to make Max and Edna Dercum’s dreams a reality before their first right to develop the ski area expired in a month.

Bergman, 96, reflected on that origin story Saturday, Nov. 21 — 50 years to the day after the grand opening of Keystone Mountain Ski Area.

Like many Summit County residents, Bergman’s life has been upended this year by the novel coronavirus. On Saturday, that meant not being able to eat his traditional breakfast at Butterhorn Bakery & Cafe in Frisco. But waxing nostalgic about yesteryear, about coming together with the Dercums — who he described as “intellectually great” — to create the Keystone so many know and love, that was an opportunity for Bergman to get out of the chaotic present and soak in the successes of his past. While thinking about the past, Bergman spoke positively of the people — of the spirit — that helped build and grow Keystone over the past five decades.

“It just became a community of people,” Bergman said about Keystone Resort and the surrounding town. “Most of them are entrepreneurs of their own. Everybody kind of knows each other.”

This week, Keystone lifers shared their stories with the Summit Daily News. One of them was Steve Corneillier, a Minnesota native who started his first job at Keystone in 1975 as a parking lot attendant. Summit County was much different back then, much less developed. Corneillier said Keystone and the town of Dillon were so different that locals used to be able to stand at the top of the Dillon hill, where the stop light is today above the City Market shopping plaza, and sled down toward the Skelly gas station. The gas station, Corneillier said, sat where the Burger King is today and was one of the only stores or shops a local like him would see on that ride down the hill.

There wasn’t much back in Keystone around the time the ski area was founded. Snake River Saloon was the meeting spot for a lot of employees, and Alf Tieze’s Bavarian Restaurant — now the site of the Goat Tavern — was one of the only other places to frequent.

When Keystone opened in November 1970, the current Mountain House Base Area — now a secondary base area at Keystone — was where grand opening festivities were hosted. When he joined Keystone in 1975, Corneillier said his duties in his first couple of weeks were shoveling snow, stacking firewood and hauling out dirty laundry. Corneillier said he was drawn to Keystone because of the resort’s snowmaking, but he eventually worked his way up to various positions over nearly 40 years as a Keystone employee and raised his family and two daughters in Keystone.

Thanks to his education in forestry, Corneillier helped put in the work to open classic Dercum Mountain trails such as Frenchman, Lower Go Devil and Silver Spoon. It was there that Corneillier was able to work with Max Dercum a fair amount.

“Keystone was the fit for me and my wife and my family, and we never looked back,” Corneillier said.

Pam Brown, a 33-year employee of Keystone who is now the resort’s senior manager of lift operations, is one of the ski area’s longest-tenured employees. It was her love for John Denver’s music that inspired her to head to Keystone after she finished grad school.

“Like so many others, I came for one season and never left,” Brown said.

Back then, Brown worked for Keystone legend Ina Gillis, who was the head of the resort’s landscaping at the time. Brown was drawn to Gillis’ personality.

“She demanded a lot,” Brown said. “Having grown up on a farm, she reminded me of the farm folks I knew back then.”

By the time Brown joined Keystone in 1987, the River Run Gondola had been built three years prior, in 1984, in what is now the resort’s main base area.

Grant Ellis, now the director of lift maintenance, joined Keystone in that same formative decade for the ski area. The Wisconsin native moved into an apartment above the Little Brown Drug store in Dillon, skiing Arapahoe Basin Ski Area — which was owned by Keystone back then — 200 days each winter and working on the hill at night.

Back in those days, the Keystone community of employees was so tight-knit that Ellis and other employees would gather when the weather was ideal for daily volleyball games at Sunrise employee housing.

All these years later, Ellis believes it’s that community spirit that sets Keystone apart from other ski areas. Whatever the milestone for Keystone was — building two detachable chairlifts, Peru and Montezuma, in the same year in 1990, or expanding in 1984 to North Peak or building the Keystone Convention Center in 1988 — that Keystone community always has been at the heartbeat of the resort.

“It’s about the family atmosphere of the employees here at Keystone and the teamwork displayed on a daily basis to get the job done,” Ellis said. “It’s an extremely nibble crew that can always change course on a daily basis, if need be. Whenever I leave here, I’m going to be disappointed.”

This week in history Nov. 20, 1920: Summit Journal is county’s only paper, car passes through Hoosier Pass snow

As reported in the Nov. 20, 1920 edition of The Summit County Journal: Mrs. Mary Nunes, 80 years old, grandmother of six and great-grandmother of three, is actively operating her mining claims near Tonopah, Nevada. Nunes has sunk about 20 shafts, doing all the drilling, blasting and hoisting herself.
Image from Colorado Historic Newspapers Collection

This week in history as reported by The Summit County Journal the week of Nov. 20, 1920.

With the close of the Summit County Star, The Summit Journal is the county’s only newspaper

With the last issue, The Summit County Journal again made its appearance as the only newspaper in the county. This was an inevitable result, not because of any superiority it possessed over its competitor, but because of existing conditions beyond anyone’s control. The local field is naturally limited and the constant increase in the cost of producing a newspaper makes it almost impossible for even one newspaper to exist.

A local paper fills a need that can be filled in no other way. It writes the story of the joys and sorrows of those nearest us and soon becomes the history of the community. For over 40 years, the Journal has acted in this historian role and its files today stand as a monument of what it has achieved.

The existence of two newspapers in a small field generally results in party lines being drawn by those papers. Such has been the case in the Summit County field, and the Journal has gone forth as a Democratic newspaper.

With the discontinuance of the Summit County Star, the Journal will henceforth be impartial in politics and will run as strictly independent. It will aim to cover the local and county news field as it has never been covered before. We will strive to make it one of the best weekly newspapers in the West. It will be a booster for all that contributes to a bigger and better Summit County and against anything and everything that would work injustice against our community or any of its people.

Cadillac crosses over Hoosier Pass through 5 foot snow drifts

A. H. McDougal drove into town Tuesday evening with the Royal Tiger Mines company Cadillac, having crossed the range that day.

Last week, Mr. J. A.Traylor left Denver in the car to come to Breckenridge, but before reaching Jefferson, the radiator sprung a leak and it was necessary to abandon the car and complete the journey on the Colorado and Southern Railway. Sunday, McDougal went to Jefferson to get the car after it had been repaired by a mechanic sent from Denver.

He got to within a mile of the top of the pass Sunday night, but could go no further. McDougal spent the night out and from all accounts it was “a mighty fresh one.” On Monday he returned to Alma and on Tuesday he procured a team to assist the car over the hill.

The arrived in Breckenridge about 7 p.m. Tuesday. The team pulled the car out of drifts on the Park County side and assisted them to the Bemrose Placer mining operation on this side of the range. From that point down, the car was able to proceed on its own power.

This car, crossing the range on Nov. 16, probably establishes a record for late travel over the Hoosier Pass. About 10 days ago, J. D. LeClere of the Heinz Pickle Company, crossed to Alma from Breckenridge in a Ford runabout, but required assistance most of the way.

McDougal reports some of the drifts near the top of the pass were 5 feet deep and man exceeded 3 feet in depth.

Germania tunnel house and blacksmith shop burn down

Last Thursday evening the tunnel house and blacksmith shop at the Germania Mine about a mile and a half above town burned. The origin of the fire is unknown, but it is thought that someone built a fire in the building late in the afternoon to warm up and forgot to extinguish the flame, which later count on the building and destroyed it.

The property was not being worked at this time, but during the summer leasers worked it. The loss will probably be about $300. The fire was discovered by John Sandeen, who was on his way to Daub Tie Camp on the upper Blue. He returned to town and reported the fire to Sheriff Detwiler.

Local news notes from all around Summit County

  • The American Legion dance given on Armistice night at the G.A.R. hall was a huge success as declared by the large crowd present at the event.
  • One of the biggest events of the season will be the Blue River Hose Company’s annual ball to be given Thanksgiving at the G.A.R. hall. The Top of the World Orchestra has been engaged to come from Leadville at an expense never before paid to any music in Breckenridge.
  • Mrs. Lillie McKenna was appointed clerk of the district court by Judge Francis E. Bouck to take the place of Mrs. M. H. Hayden. Hayden has acted as clerk over the past nine years.
  • Starting on Jan. 1, 1921, the price of The Summit County Journal will be increased to $4 per year and 10 cents per single issue. Since it was established as a weekly in the early 80s, the Journal has gone forth at a rate of $2.50 a year, rising costs of labor and paper have necessitated a raise in rates.

This week in history Nov. 13, 1920: Jesse Mine ships ore, Armistice Day remembered

This week in history as reported by The Summit County Journal the week of Nov. 13, 1920.

Jessie Mine ships ore concentrates

Several cars of concentrates were shipped during the past few weeks from the Jesse Mine at the head of Gold Run. These concentrates are being sent to a Denver mill for treatment on a magnetic separator.

The mine is now employing many men and is in full operation. Mr. Roth of Rochester is manager at the property and is in Denver at the present time on matters pertaining to the operation of the mine.

Armistice Day honored with quiet remembrances

Armistice Day 1920 did not present the boisterous features that characterized it in 1918. This year it resembled a memorial and to that end President Wilson has issued an order that on Sunday, Nov. 14, the U.S. flag shall be displayed at half mast at all military posts, naval stations, on vessels and on buildings of the United States “as a token of the nation’s participation in the memorial services held for the heroic American soldiers, sailors, marines and others who gave their lives to their country in the World War.”

T. B. Thompson ‘passes out of useful life’

On last Monday night, Nov. 8, death removed from our community one of its pillars of virile manhood, daring, rectitude and industry — Thomas Bronson Thompson, expressman, rancher and merchant.

The death occurred at St. Luke’s hospital in Denver, Thompson having been removed there from his home a few days before. He had suffered internal injuries, but pneumonia was the immediate cause of death. He had been tossed over his horse after the animal tripped over a gopher hole. Originally it was thought he had only suffered a broken collar bone.

Thompson was born March 20, 1865 in Harrison County, Missouri. When he was in his teens he moved to Nebraska and a few years later came to Colorado, he had been a resident of Breckenridge for about 30 years. Ten years ago he went into the mercantile business, on the corner occupied for many years by Watson’s store. He had also bought the Myers ranch at Dickey.

He was married three times, but no children survive him. The wife who survives him is Mary Kilpatrick, whom he married not quite two years ago.

Local news notes from all around Summit County

  • The Carmon brothers are reported to have struck a large body of high-grade lead-silver ore on Silver Peak near Montezuma. It is said to be from 4 to 6 feet wide and assays indicate a value of from $100 to $150 per ton.
  • Last week we failed to mention the arrival of Oscar N. Bribach Jr. at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Bribach. The young man arrived with his credentials on Sunday, Oct. 31.
  • C. L. Westerman, who has been in ill health for the past month, left this morning for Denver. He was accompanied by his daughter, Alice Richardson. He hopes the change in elevation will benefit his health.
  • George Buchanan, deputy warden of the state penitentiary in Canon City, spent Saturday and Sunday in town renewing old aquaintances. Buchanan was a former resident of Breckenridge, but has resided in Canon City the past 12 years. This is his first trip to Breckenridge during that time.
  • W. E. Childers left for the Big Horn country in Wyoming on Tuesday. He will probably locate there and Mrs. Childers will follow shortly.
  • County Commissioner Andrew Lindstrom had business in Breckenridge on Tuesday in connection with the duties of his office.

Breckenridge American Legion post hopes to attract younger veterans

FRISCO — Throughout the years, Jim Dexter, of Fairplay, has seen the numbers at the Breckenridge post of the American Legion ebb and flow.

When the U.S. Marine Corps veteran joined the Breckenridge post in 1996, he said it was a time when hardly any veterans were a part of the American Legion in Summit County. The post started an outreach program that Dexter said reached quite a few World War II veterans.

But in recent years, Dexter — who serves as the district commander for Colorado Legion’s District 12 — said numbers have trailed off at the Breckenridge post, down more than two-thirds. Of the five posts in District 12, the Breckenridge post is the only one that doesn’t have a building at which to reside. With 11 members, Summit’s only Legion post is a far cry from the happening post in Fairplay, Dexter said. Of the 254 members of District 12, Dexter said Fairplay is the busiest because it has a bar where vets can meet up and chat about anything and everything.

“You walk in there, you feel at home right away,” Dexter said. “They are real hospitable.”

When you combine the lack of a physical location with the aging population of Legion members — Dexter said seven of the 11 Summit County members are older than 90 — you see that the Legion’s presence isn’t what it once was in Summit County.

“The veterans that are coming out of Afghanistan, Iraq, these young men just — they just don’t reach out for help,” Dexter added. “Of course, they are not old enough yet to need help. But that’s why I joined, was to help vets after they served.”

In an effort to hopefully reach and serve more veterans in Summit County, Dexter is working with veterans and the Sunshine Cafe in Silverthorne to host an event Wednesday, Nov. 11, in honor of Veterans Day. Veterans donated to help the restaurant finance free meals for any local veterans between 7:30 a.m. and 2 p.m. Wednesday. The free Veterans Day breakfast is intended to create camaraderie so younger and older veterans can “chum around together, share our similarities,” Dexter said

Mike and Tenley Spry, the owners of Sunshine Cafe, have a history of military service in their family. Mike’s father served in the U.S. Navy while two of Tenley’s grandparents were Korean War veterans, including one prisoner of war. Mike said the popular breakfast restaurant was approached by “some well-regarded veterans in the community,” vets who wanted to help finance the event but remain anonymous.

Staff members at Sunshine Cafe hold up American flags as they ready to welcome Summit County veterans to the restaurant’s Veterans Day breakfast.
Photo from Mike Spry / Sunshine Cafe

Dexter said the event is an example of a Legion commander’s call, a meeting where local veterans can gather. And Mike Spry said the cafe has some longtime regulars who are proud veterans.

“We have several dozen known vets that frequent the cafe,” Mike Spry said. “What they’ve shared with us over the years is, ‘You do good by us; we’ll do good by you.’ There can be a lot learned from some of the discipline and commitment these folks have in servicing our country.”

If and when vets join the Breckenridge Legion post, Dexter said it provides resources and services. It has built a tiny house for a Vietnam veteran in Como, and it provides things such as pellets and firewood for heating homes in the winter.

Want to join the Legion?

Email Summit Daily Sports & Outdoors Editor Antonio Olivero at aolivero@summitdaily.com to obtain Jim Dexter’s phone contact. Jim explicitly asked to not publish his personal information with the article publicly.

When a vet hangs out at a commander’s call, Dexter said the kindred spirits have an opportunity to speak about issues that matter specifically to them. In recent years, Dexter said those topics of conversation have been about how the Veterans Affairs hospital in Denver has improved vastly in the past two years, their defense of the police and — of course — the election.

As for Veterans Day, Dexter said community members should not only think about the brotherhood vets formed in service but also those among them who gave it all. Beyond that, he said to spend time thinking about the widows and orphans who’ve lived on after a veteran has died.

Charles Simpson, a local veteran of the U.S. Air Force, said to remember those veterans who served not on the battlefield but in other ways.

“All of us who served, through the history of our country, we all did to keep us free,” Simpson said. “Remember all those, like me, who fought the Cold War for many, many years. We fought a war where we never really had any shooting. We did what we were supposed to do, kept the peace by being strong. My job was not to go to war; be so strong you didn’t have to. My point is the fact that we’ve got a lot of people keeping the peace right now in very tough times.”

This week in history Nov. 6, 1920: Elections held, teachers host Halloween party

This week in history as reported by The Summit County Journal the week of Nov. 6, 1920.

Summit County Democrats take some victories amid Republican landslide

Last Tuesday’s election held many surprises for all political prophets, and while the state and nation went in a great Republican landslide, the Democratic Party in Summit County was able to elect a candidate to superintendent of schools, an office held the past four years by Republicans, and coroner, which has been held the last two years by Republican L. C. Owens.

For commissioners, Republicans Andrew Lindstrom and Henry Recen won out.

News gleaned from local election boards

  • Seventy certificates of registration were sent by mail to absent voters.
  • At Precinct 1 the counting judges were all women. They were through counting and on their way home before midnight.
  • At Precinct 2 the judges were all men. It was 6 a.m. on Wednesday when they finished counting and turned in their ballot boxes.
  • Some ballots were not folded in the creases as given out, but folded on a plan of their own and too bulky to easily slip into the ballot box’s opening. It was necessary for a judge to lay them facedown and refold on the original creases.
  • One ballot had “I vote for Harding and Coolidge” written on it and then had the Democratic candidates (Cox and Roosevelt) marked.

Teachers entertain pupils at Hallowe’en party

On Friday morning, Oct. 29, a very enjoyable half hour was spent by the teachers of the fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth grades.

Miss Patton, the teacher of the fifth and sixth grades, invited Miss Spencer and the seventh and eighth grades down to hear the program which a number of pupils of both rooms had prepared.

Fay DeBarneure and Evelyn Bradley acted out a very droll and amusing dialog, “How the Census Was Taken,” with Fay making an ideal census taker with her stovepipe hat and Evelyn playing a wash-woman. James Paden read several interesting stories and Howard Daub told a very good story. A very smart recitation of “The Wind and the Moon” was given by Veryle Terrell. The last selection of the program was a story read by Greta Rhoads and written by Phoebe Roberts titled “A Narrow Escape.”

Everyone said it was a very good entertainment and it was with reluctance that the seventh and eighth graders returned to their room.

Later that evening Miss Spencer and Miss Patton entertained about 50 pupils at the schoolhouse for a Halloween party, for which all guests were asked to wear masks.

The whole affair was very ghost-like, especially at the entrance. Only one guest was allowed to enter at a time and each was led down a very dark hall by a “ghost.” Many obstacles had been placed in their path and a good deal of stumbling occurred. After they had reached the end of the hall, they were led to a person sitting in a very dark corner, where they were supposed to kiss the sitter’s hand. Just as they knelt on the rug in front of the person, the rug was suddenly lifted — many bumps were had but all the guests, being very good-natured, took it as part of the fun.

Several tubs were filled with water to bob for apples and a long cord was stretched across the room with apples tied to it. Anyone who could pull an apple off the cord with their mouth could keep it.

A peanut hunt was greeted with much approval by all the guests and there was a great deal of scrambling while hunting them.

Among the many objects used in amusing the guests was a pan partly filled with flour, in which pennies had been hidden. Guests would hunt in the flour with their mouths trying to find the pennies. A great deal of coughing and choking always followed.

Clifton Oakley drew a donkey on the blackboard and the pupils played draw the tail on the donkey. Leona DeBarneure won a small prize for drawing the tail most accurately.

A great many characters were impersonated, among them were ghosts, clowns, farmers, cowboys and flowergirls.

Local news notes from all around Summit County

  • T. B. Thompson was thrown from a horse at his ranch a couple of weeks ago and was taken to a Denver hospital this week. He has evidently received serious internal injuries and his condition is considered critical.
  • Miss Mildred Mumford of Dillon and Ray Hill of Breckenridge were united in marriage on Wednesday by Judge Fall. The couple will make their home in Breckenridge.
  • Walter Lund delivered another load of spuds to town Wednesday.
  • The Blue River ranchmen who have been riding cattle on the Dillon range report they are still about 200-300 head short of the amount placed on the range last spring. It is thought that a considerable portion of these are over in South Park country, having drifted over the passes during the summer.
  • D. F. Miner returned from California on Tuesday, arriving in time to cast a ballot in the general election.
  • The second annual Armistice Day Ball will be hosted by Blue Valley Post No. 17 of the American Legion at the G.A.R. Hall in Breckenridge. Legion members will attend in uniform, a turkey supper will be provided by the Denver Hotel Cafe and Wagner’s five-piece orchestra will provide music. Admission is $1.50, spectators will be allowed in for 50 cents.

This week in history Oct. 30, 1920: Halloween celebrated, Royal Tiger Mines looks to expand

This week in history as reported by The Summit County Journal the week of Oct. 30, 1920.

Younger folks enjoy several unusual ‘Hallowe’en’ activities

Halloween week has been the scene of unusual activities among the younger contingent.

  • Chloe Peterson was greatly surprised to find that, during her temporary absence, her home had been invaded by 15 of her friends who dropped in to celebrate her 11th birthday. Congratulations, games and more followed in quick succession, and a fine lunch closed a joyous evening.
  • Mrs. Engle and her charming daughter entertained their pupils in a most delightful manner at the Methodist Sunday School on Thursday evening. About 25 welcome guests accepted the generous hospitality accorded them and spent several hours in merry pastimes. A delicious lunch of pumpkin pie, ice cream and cocoa was served and all were returned home in the auto at a late hour for young folks.
  • Miss Hazel Laskey surely did herself proud at her the Halloween entertainment given to her pupils and those of Miss Patton’s room. Several visitors were in attendance and keenly enjoyed a spelling match. The children showed great proficiency in the art. Mrs. Acton pleased the children with a story “In the Cellar.” The apple dive in tubs of water brought shouts of laughter and the proud winners bore away their trophies with dripping faces. A cookie hunt brought hidden sweets to light and each visitor received a little basket filled with goodies and a rosy apple. Laskey is proving herself adept in her chosen calling, it was proven abundantly by the obedience and happy faces of her scholars.

Local chapter of American Red Cross holds annual meeting

The local chapter of the American Red Cross held their annual meeting on Wednesday evening. On account of the change from wartime to peacetime activities, it was important that the work outlined for the coming year should follow the wishes of the entire membership, it it was well-attended.

Reports were made on the chapter’s activities over the past year: the Roll Call last November, relief work during the “flu” in February and the work of the Home Service section in giving assistance to ex-servicemen and their families.

The annual Roll Call for memberships will be held Nov. 11-25 when the local community will be given an opportunity to enroll for service in the group’s work. The peacetime work will include assistance to ex-servicemen (particularly the disabled), increasing nursing facilities, preparedness for disaster relief and completing the relief work carried on overseas.

Workers hope for same pay schedule as Royal Tiger Mines company acquires holdings in Breckenridge

During the past two weeks it has been rumored that interests behind the Royal Tiger Mines company are acquiring a great deal of property adjacent to the Breckenridge district. It is also said that many more men will be employed on the newly-acquired property shortly.

At Tiger, the regular schedule of wages for a single man is slightly above the going schedule throughout the district and, as an encouragement for married men, a bonus of 50 cents per day is added. All steady men are allowed every second Sunday off with full pay.

Those who have stayed at Tiger for any length of time are all boosters for this schedule of wages and vacation, and the question has arisen whether or not it will be adopted in the company’s new holdings.

This week in history Oct. 23, 1920: Climax mine makes tax arrangement during dispute between Lake and Summit counties

This week in history as reported by The Summit County Journal the week of Oct. 23, 1920.

Agreement made regarding taxes in Climax district

A “friendly suit” in the form of a complaint against Lake and Summit counties, and against the treasurers of those counties was filed yesterday with the clerk of the district court by the Climax Molybdenum company in regard to payment of taxes by that company.

The company’s main holdings lie in the disputed area which the county line suit was was waged over, and as the suit is a present waiting judgement of the supreme court, the molybdenum company is at a loss to know which county is entitled to taxes. The company states that it is able and desirous to pay all taxes assessed on their property, and is especially desirous to avoid all penalties for the non-payment of the taxes.

The company offered to deposit in the court the amount of taxes that may be payed upon the decision of the supreme court. They also asked that the court issue a restraining order against the two counties to prevent their starting proceedings against the company towards collection of the taxes.

Attorneys for the two counties entered into an agreement, wherein the company would not be required to make a deposit in the court, and no action would be taken against the company by either county until the boundary case was settled.

Tonopah Placers Company denies false rumor of shutdown

Last Sunday’s news of Denver carried an article stating that the Tonopah Mining Company of Nevada had abandoned their Breckenridge operations, known as the Tonopah Placers Company. The article in question was taken from the Financial Review and was supposed to have originated in the eastern office of the company.

To people in Summit County, who know the Tonopah Placers Company has been operating steadily, it appears as a joke. The local company has been making preparations for working as long as possible this winter and is making plans for next summer’s operation. Manager J. E. Hopkins stated that no shutdown was contemplated as far as he knows.

Pioneer resident dies after long period of illness

Nels Pehrson, who as a carpenter and builder had a large share in the upbuilding of this district since the 1880s, died at 1:35 p.m. last Saturday at his home on South Main Street. He was 74 years of age and had been confined to his home with sickness for over a year.

Pehrson was born at Malmo, Sweden on Aug. 14, 1846. He came to the U.S. at age 20 and went to work as a carpenter and joiner in Chicago where he married Katherine Matilda Larsen in 1872. On account his his wife’s poor health, he came to Colorado in 1879, she died in Denver in October of that year.

Pehrson came to Breckenridge in 1880 to build the Arlington Hotel for Mr. and Mrs. J. P. Ecklund. He liked the place, got interested in the mining game and remained. When advancing age compelled him to retire from active vocational life, he could point to many structures in the district which he had a prominent share in building. As a side-line he devoted much time and money to the development of mining prospects, though he never made a “stake” worthy of the name.

Summit County Republicans held rally last evening

The opening ball of the fall campaign was thrown last evening for the Summit County Republicans. A rally was held at the G.A.R. Hall and from all accounts it was a chilly reception for the audience as well as the speakers. The hall was very cold and only a few people turned out.

Local news notes from all around Summit County

  • The lower blue stockmen who have been grazing cattle on the Dillon range during the past summer will begin riding that range next Monday to gather their range stock. Close to 1,500 head of cattle have been grazing that range and it is expected to take 10-14 days to gather them.
  • Several lower blue ranchmen were in town this week disposing of their potato crop. Many of them are also offering beef for sale locally rather than ship it to Denver.
  • Mr. and Mrs. M. J. Travis are said to have abandoned their car trip after a two day’s journey to Kremmling. They took the stage from Kremmling to Wolcott and caught the California-bound Rio Grande train.
  • W. F. Wanious of the Jessie Mine force drove over the Hoosier Pass yesterday. It took two hours and forty minutes to reach Fairplay from Breckenridge and he reported 14 inches of snow on top of the pass.
  • Norwood Courrier entertained 10 of his little friends to a Halloween party at the Denver Hotel this afternoon in honor of his sixth birthday.

This week in history Oct. 16, 1920: Wellington Mine closes, businessman dies

This week in history as reported by The Summit County Journal the week of Oct. 16, 1920.

Increased freight rates close Wellington Mine

Both mills of the Wellington Mines company and practically the entire mine force will be curtailed sometime within the next 30 days, owing to the increase of the freight rates.

It was a known fact that the increase, which amounted to $3.50 to $3.75 per ton, would cause a great loss in the Wellington grade of ore, but manager R. M. Henderson used every effort to gain a concession of a reduced rate from the railroads. These efforts have all failed in spite of the fact that similar concessions have been granted by the Rio Grande from Eagle County points.

The Wellington is one of the largest producers of zinc ore in Colorado and one of a very few that were able to operate during the period following the war when the bottom fell out of the price of zinc.

It has been the largest employer in Breckenridge and its closing down will probably work a hardship on the community. Manager Henderson states that the pumps will be kept in operation and some men will be put to work developing the mine. Nothing will be done at either mill and no attempt will be made to ship any ore. The shutdown will be indefinite.

Charles A. Sanders laid to rest in Dillon Cemetery today

Charles Albert Sanders, one of Dillon’s leading businessmen and one of the town’s most public-spirited citizens died suddenly at 7:30 a.m. Wednesday of heart failure. He had just gotten out of bed when he was seized with a spell of heart trouble of which he had experienced during the last three years. Fifteen minuted later he was dead.

Sanders was 54 years of age. He had been a resident of Dillon for about a dozen years, and was the owner and manager of the Antlers club rooms and cafe.

Gus Bergman the haberdasher sells store

Gus Bergman recently disposed of his gents furnishing store to S. N. Huhn of Larkspur, Colorado. Huhn was a former merchant at Como and is already known to many Breckenridge residents. He comes to Breckenridge highly recommended as a good businessman and aims to give Summit County a store that will be unsurpassed in this part of the state.

Bergman has been one of Summit County’s leading businessmen for the past 20 years. He is compelled to retire on account of poor health.

Local news notes from all around Summit County

  • Judge Francis E. Bouck arrived in Breckenridge Monday morning to open the October term of the district court.
  • The hearing of the appeal of the Tiger school district division, which was set before the state board of education in Denver last Monday, was postponed until next month’s board session.
  • Mr. and Mrs. Edwin Kaiser as their children drove in from their ranch on Price Creek last Saturday evening. This is his first visit at his home in two years. Now he states he is a full-fledged ranchman, and willing to graduate into a full -fledged cattleman.
  • Mrs. M. H. Hayden, county superintendent of schools, returned from Denver Tuesday. They made the trip in the Morris “limousine” from Tiger.
  • A spelling match will be given at the M. E. church next Thursday evening, Oct. 21. Everybody get busy and come. Refreshments, cafeteria style, at reasonable prices.

This week in history Oct. 9, 1920: French Gulch Dredge ceases operations, 11 deer reported killed during hunting season

This week in history as reported by The Summit County Journal the week of Oct. 9, 1920.


Owing to the high cost of gold production and the stagnant cost of gold, operations of the French Creek Dredging company boat in upper French Creek ceased early this week. The dredge has been laid up and no definite action for future operations will be made at this time. Values as the dredge proceeded up the gulch proved to be poorer than in the lower parts of the stream, and the last operations were not profitable to the company under present conditions.


Owing to the inability of the Grand View school on the Lower Blue to obtain a teacher for several school terms past, and because of the fact that there are only five or six pupils in the district, it has been considered advisable and recommended by the county superintendent of schools that the Grand View district be abolished as a separate district and consolidated with the Slate Creek and Lakeside schools.

Special school meetings will be held in the near future to consider the question, and if favorably acted upon, the territory between the Hanks and McKinley ranches will be added to Slate Creek and the area extending from McKinley ranch down to the river will go to the Lakeside district.


Hunting season in Summit County this year proves that we have a hunting reserve equal to any in the state. Even though the weatherman did not provide a natural method for tracing the big game, and the dry leaves on the ground gave warning of the approach of the hunters, more hunters were rewarded this year than for many seasons in the past. So far 11 hunters have reported getting a deer.

There may have been other hunters to get a deer, but they have not been reported. It is predicted that the past season may be the last open season for several years. There is much agitation on foot to stop the killing of deer, and it is thought that when the legislature meets in the next session a bill may be passed protecting deer by keeping a closed season.


  • Mrs. Harry Forsha, postmistress of Dillon in 1880 and now a resident of Los Angeles, arrived Monday for a visit with her sister Mrs. J. Gough. The Forshas were pioneer residents of Summit County, they had the Dillon postoffice for about 6 years and turned it over to the Evans family on leaving Dillon for California.
  • Senator Slewers Fincher is spending a couple of weeks visiting over his senatorial district. Fincher is making a campaign for reelection, but our opinion is that his record as a representative to any district should assure him of reelection without any campaign.
  • Geo. J. Bancroft and Geo. M. Bull of the Denver Board of Water Commissioners spent several days in Breckenridge this week looking over the possibilities of conveying some of the waters from Summit County through the range for the city of Denver supply reservoirs.
  • Carl A. Kaiser drove to Denver Wednesday. He will represent School District No. 1 at the meeting of the state board of education Monday morning.
  • The picture theatre at Tiger is reported as having its formal opening tonight.
  • Last Friday Mr. Jones arranged exercises composed of singing, reading and speaking, with each child having a part. The most interesting feature was a school paper named the Frisco School Spinx, edited and read by Mattie Wildhack and Rob Deming.