Ask Eartha: Santa’s carbon footprint
Santa flies around the world in one night – wouldn’t that generate a pretty big carbon footprint?
Just like Buddy the elf says, the best way to spread Christmas cheer is … talking about climate change! I might have taken a few liberties with that quote, but I promise I’m not about to “bah humbug” all over the holiday season. After all, Eartha might be green, but she’s no Grinch. So, what is Santa’s carbon sleigh-print? And what about the holidays in general? Pour yourself a cup of cocoa, get cozy, and let’s find out.
Coal is for stockings, not sleighs
According to an analysis by Popular Science, Santa travels 122 million miles in a night. That’s a lot of miles, but it pales in comparison to the driving we Americans do each year. In fact, last year we collectively drove 3.2 trillion miles. And Santa has the benefit of captaining a sleigh powered by reindeer and magic — not fossil fuels.
What about the reindeer themselves? Another study figured that a team of arctic reindeer would produce 40,668 metric tons of carbon pollution during this Yuletide circumnavigation, mostly by burping. The average American has a carbon footprint of about 15 metric tons per year, so those reindeer generate the same emissions as 2,700 of us — roughly the population of Frisco.
All I want for Christmas is…
Setting aside speculation about how Santa could possibly travel 122 million miles in a single evening – multiple time zones and magical reindeer notwithstanding — what these analyses show is that the biggest climate impact of the holiday season doesn’t come from Kris Kringle’s ridiculous travel itinerary. Instead, it’s us.
During the week between Christmas and New Year’s, consumption of food, energy, gifts, and travel can result in up to 1,400 pounds of greenhouse gas emissions per person — that’s nearly 4% of an individual’s annual carbon footprint in just a few days. Aside from all the delectable holiday goodies, where do those extra pounds come from?
- Gifts. This year, Americans are expected to spend $8 billion on unwanted gifts, and we’ll throw away nearly 10% of them. Not only is this a waste of money, but it also squanders all the resources (energy, water, materials, etc.) that went into producing those well-intended items. Between Thanksgiving and New Year’s, the amount of stuff we each throw away increases by about 25%. Wrapping paper alone accounts for over 2 million pounds of trash. What’s a climate-conscious gift-giver to do? Think about what would be truly meaningful for your recipient, practice giving more by buying less, shop local, opt for slower shipping times and embrace recyclable and reusable gift wrapping.
- Lights. Using light to spread warmth and cheer is a wintertime tradition older than electricity. We used to do it with candles; now, we buy 130 million light sets each year. Unlike Santa’s sleigh, these lights aren’t powered by magic, but rather electricity. And they use a lot of it – as much as 350,000 homes in a year, releasing about two million tons of carbon pollution. The solution? Replacing old incandescent strings with LEDs can save 75 percent of that energy use. And putting your lights on a timer will have an even bigger impact. Because while your holiday display is beautiful, do your neighborhood fox really need to see it lit up at 2 a.m.?
- Food waste. ‘Tis the season for tasty treats and overindulgence! Studies confirm what we all know – we buy and eat more food over the holidays. What happens to the food we don’t eat? It gets pitched along with all those unwanted gifts. The U.S. Department of Agriculture estimates that 30% to 40% of the U.S. food supply is wasted each year. That equals about 220 pounds of food per person. Trim the excess by planning ahead, sharing or freezing leftovers and composting. Because food in landfills is about as joyful as coal in a stocking.
If there’s one thing the holiday classics teach us, it’s that what really matters are generosity, love and togetherness. After the Grinch’s heart grew a few sizes, he realized that “Christmas … doesn’t come from a store. Maybe Christmas … means a little bit more!” So, no matter what holiday you celebrate this time of year, may we all remember that what binds us together isn’t stuff, but is, actually, love.
Ask Eartha Steward is written by the staff at the High Country Conservation Center, a nonprofit dedicated to waste reduction and resource conservation. Submit questions to Eartha at firstname.lastname@example.org
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