Frisco’s beaver-deceiver team helps humans ‘coexist happily’ with Colorado’s river rodents
Beavers are widespread throughout the state and have benefits for watersheds, according to Colorado Parks and Wildlife, but can sometimes be a nuisance in areas developed by humans
Editor’s note: This article has been updated to correct the spelling of Frank Ricci’s name and to clarify details of the dam construction.
The Tuesday after Labor Day, a few volunteers worked as busily as beavers, wading knee deep into dammed waters along North Tenmile Creek in Frisco.
A chainsaw, three corrugated plastic pipes, wire and rebar lay around the picnic table where Alton Penz and Frank Ricci worked. Nearby, cars whizzed down the Interstate 70 offramp, some pulling into the busy parking lot adjacent to the recpath that runs along Tenmile Creek.
Nestled in the creek behind the parking lot’s bathroom, some North American beavers have quietly constructed their home in the shadow of Mount Royal just off Frisco’s Main Street. But the semi-aquatic rodents have become something of a nuisance.
As the beavers have built up their dam, the water levels have threatened the picnic areas and, more importantly, the cement foundation of a large power pole, Frisco grounds foreman Chris Johnsen said. The public works department has periodically gone in to remove some of the debris built up in the dam to allow more water to flow through, but that’s not a long-term fix when there are industrious dam-builders nearby.
The beaver deceiver Penz and Ricci built Tuesday aims to be a more permanent solution. The contraption pipes water through the center of the dam — tricking the beavers so water keeps flowing even as they continue to build the dam higher.
“Public works, they’re happy to have the beavers as long as they don’t do damage,” Penz said. “There are a lot of beavers in Summit County. So if they trapped them out of a given pond, there will be more back in a year or two. It isn’t a long-term solution to trap them. It isn’t a long-term solution to keep ripping the dam apart.”
Colorado is home to a robust beaver population. The rodents are habitat engineers, cutting aspens, willows and other trees, and their dams slow water, which recharges groundwater, reduces erosion, provides a barrier to wildfires and provides other ecological benefits, according to Colorado Parks and Wildlife. But those dam-building skills can also cause conflicts with humans, blocking culverts and flooding roads and other property.
For the past five years or so, Frisco has not been trapping and relocating beavers but instead has been working to coexist happily with the creatures, Johnsen said. The grounds foreman said he has forged something of a friendship with Penz and Ricci while they have helped deal with the beaver community over the years.
Penz first contacted the public works department several years ago, looking to construct beaver deceivers downstream of the large pond at Walter Byron Park. He said he lives above the park and watches the wildlife in the wetlands there, so he pitched the deceivers as an alternative to trapping the beavers there.
“I can just see all the wildlife that is in there. It’s phenomenal,” Penz said. “There are people playing down in Walter Byron and there are moose up there in the wetlands, or there is a bear taking a nap in there. You have foxes and muskrats that live in the ponds. You have birds of all kinds nesting in there. It creates this incredible natural environment.”
For the past 20 years, a beaver deceiver has been in the large pond at Walter Byron Park to prevent the entire park from flooding, Johnsen said. Over the years, the beavers have moved downriver from the pond, building new dams.
Beaver dams can raise pond levels to a point where water will flood the banks of the river above the pond, causing damage to turf areas, recpaths, concrete and culverts, Johnsen said. So, the public works department was happy to have the volunteers construct beaver deceivers to help protect the park, he said.
Penz and Ricci helped create three beaver deceivers at Walter Byron Park, which have only required occasional monitoring.
“We did one and it worked,” Penz said. “Then we discovered (the beavers) were trying to build a dam down by the volleyball courts. So we put another one in, and that one worked. And then they were trying to build another dam further behind the volleyball court. That one was a larger stream, so we had to go to a 10-inch pipe.”
The beaver deceiver Penz and Ricci built Tuesday along the Tenmile Creek was perhaps the trickiest the duo has built yet. It consists of three 10-inch diameter pipes for increased drainage, Penz said. Each pipe extends 16 feet above the dam, then bends at the top of the dam to throw the water several feet off the end.
“We’re going to put a 4-foot throw on the other side,” Penz said. “So the beavers, in order to plug it up, they’d need wings. They’d have to fly up. It’s hanging off the other side.”
But that’s only half the deception. On the uphill side of the dam, the two “beaver deceiver weavers” secured the pipes to the bottom of the stream with wire and rebar before placing a large metal cage over the openings to the pipes. The cage helps prevent the beavers from creating a dam around the pipes.
“What happens, then, is (the beavers) unwittingly incorporate the pipe into the dam,” Penz said. “They’ll build the dam higher but it won’t have any effect because the height of that pipe on the top of the dam determines the height of the pond. That’s the deception.”
The Frisco Public Works Department tore a small hole in the beaver dam Tuesday morning to allow the water levels to drop enough for Penz and Ricci to work. Then, further toward the center of the dam, the two volunteers had to deconstruct enough of the beaver dam to insert the pipes.
From there, a great deal of whirling of power tools and finagling with piping ensued. Ricci said the two men had an “impossible time,” pinning the pipe to the bottom of the creek. Fish, including some 10-inch long trout, swam around their ankles as they worked.
But, by the afternoon, the two busy beavers had wrapped up their work, leaving the real beavers to enjoy their mountainside lodge, hopefully without causing further issues for the town.
“The notion is deceivers work because it manages beavers’ behavior so that they don’t do the damage but they can still be there — and they create these phenomenal natural environments,” Penz said. “It’s why we have moose in town, because there are all these wetlands around.”
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