Dark skies group takes case for Milky Way to valley ranches
July 29, 2017
WESTCLIFFE, Colo. – Custer County veers libertarian in its politics, reliably voting Republican and, in a general way, shunning regulation.
But in outdoor lighting restrictions, it's exceptional. Two of the county's three small towns — located in the Wet Mountain Valley about three hours southwest of Denver — have ordinances that sharply limit light pollution and light trespass. That work has made the towns a destination for people who want specifically to see a sky of glittering stars and something increasingly unattainable in urban areas: a view of the Milky Way.
Now, dark sky proponents are seeking similar regulations to govern unincorporated areas. Already, some of the familiar arguments have been raised. At a recent meeting of county commissioners covered by the Wet Mountain Tribune, one rancher said he needed the light in his yard to serve as a beacon when it was snowing.
Jim Bradburn, the president of Dark Skies of the Wet Mountain Valley, a nonprofit, says he thinks he and other advocates will prevail over coming months. Despite the objections of government interference in private affairs, he says there are just too many winners in this case.
The local tourist industry gains with its expanded claim for dark skies, he says. Ranchers will get more lumens on the ground, where they are useful, and not in the sky. And the local electrical co-operative, San Isabel Electric, can get more efficient use of its product.
You have to want to go to the Wet Mountain Valley to get there. It's an hour from an interstate highway. The low-rising Wet Mountains define the valley's eastern flanks, and to the west the Sangre de Cristo Range rises sharply to 14,000 feet and above.
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Westcliffe, the county seat, and Silver Cliff sit cheek by jowl, together boasting 1,200 residents. Outlying are ranch lands. If the valley were closer to a city or a major highway, it probably would have been subdivided long ago.
But ranchers themselves in the 1970s chose to make subdividing into ranchettes just a little harder than elsewhere in Colorado. The minimum size is 80 acres on the valley floor — more than double what is allowed in most of rural Colorado — and 50 acres in the more wooded Wet Mountains. It was an agricultural valley that remains agricultural. The result is that lights don't dominate the landscape, blotting out the stars.
"It's pretty amazing when you see it for the first time," says Bradburn of the night sky. "When people come here, they are just flabbergasted by the Milky Way."
Bradburn's organization first took aim first at the two towns. It took about seven years from the start when, he says, the common reaction was: "Don't tell me what to do."
Instead of arguing the impact to neighbors who wanted to see the dark sky, he made an economic argument: Do this, and we can get designated as a dark sky community — which will lead to more tourists.
"Which is exactly what has happened," he says. Motel and bed-and-breakfast operators have plentiful anecdotal evidence from customers that they came to see at night what they can't at home.
The dark sky business has been helped by a host of national and regional reports. Westcliffe and Silver Cliff were in the New York Times and USA Today as well as CNN and NBC, among many others.
Smoothing the way in the two towns was an offer by Dark Skies Inc. to help pay for the switching out of offending lights that pointed skyward. Contributions augmented by a 10 percent match from a community fund have yielded $23,000 in the last two years. The money is used to defray implementation costs such as a light fixture on a school that was replaced with a hooded fixture, to spread the light to the ground.
One of Bradburn's arguments seeks to leverage the support of San Isabel Electric, the electrical provider, which actually owns the lights on the ranches. If lower-energy LED lights can be installed and the light deployed effectively to the ground, not the sky, less power will be needed. That means the electrical co-operative can serve more customers (technically co-op members) with the same amount of electricity. That means it spends less on upgrading infrastructure to handle larger volume of electricity.
This would produce more profit to the electrical co-op and its members, including the ranchers, more useful light for the ranchers, and less light pollution to sully the dark sky, he says.
Vail announces zero-net energy and other big goals
BROOMFIELD, Colo. – Rob Katz, the chief executive of Vail Resorts, has raised the bar — and from initial impressions, significantly so. On Tuesday he announced a new round of commitments to reduce the company's environmental impact.
The actual commitment may fall short of the program title, called "Epic Promise for a Zero Footprint." But it immediately raised eyebrows in the ski industry. It was inspired by the environmental commitment of Whistler Blackcomb, the company's newest acquisition.
Vail has set an energy goal of zero-net (also called net-zero) emissions by 2030. How does it intend to do this?
Cutting energy use, such as low-energy snowmaking equipment, green building design and construction, and more efficient grooming practices and equipment, the company says. Since 2008, the company has achieved a 19 percent reduction in use of electricity and natural gas. It wants to achieve another 15 percent reduction.
Vail also proposes to purchase 100 percent renewable energy equivalent to its total electrical use. It also vows to work with utilities that service its resorts to bring more renewable energy on line.
It proposes a 50 percent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2025, as compared to 2016 levels.
Epic Promise also includes a company-wide goal of divert 100 percent of waste from its operations by 2030 — including a 50 percent reduction by 2020. It proposes to do this by improving recycling and composting programs and engaging with vendors to reduce packaging and to source recyclable and compostable products.
In addition, according to a press release, the company pledges to work with local resort communities to increase options for reuse and diversion. Signs, labeling and training will be part of the outreach effort.
The final component of this three-legged sustainability stool is a looser pledge to minimize or eliminate the impact of future resort development. The company contributed more than $1 million to 50 environmental stewardship projects through direct grants in 2016.
On the company's website, Vail says it intends to work with "one of the nation's top renewable energy firms to identify projects that will meet our environmental and economic criteria." Local and community projects will be considered.
In validating the company's efforts to achieve zero emissions, the company is working with Ceres, the Rocky Mountain institute and RE 100. The company is piloting a new waste-tracking software solution to accurately track progress toward zero waste.
Katz lives in Boulder, a city that has embraced a goal of 100 percent renewable energy and other climate change goals. Early on in his tenure as chief executive, when the company had far fewer resorts in its stable, he announced the purchase of enough renewable energy certificates to make company operations 100 percent renewable. There was, however, skepticism about the validity of using this financial device to be able to claim carbon neutrality.
Several years later, the company quietly abandoned the program, but Katz in 2008 announced the robust energy efficiency goals.
Katz has also evolved the company's willingness to lobby for national climate change goals. At one point, he wrote an op-ed that insisted Vail Resorts would take care of its own locker room, controlling what it could control. The op-ed seemed to be a jab at the Aspen Skiing Co.'s proselytizing for climate change action.
More recently, Vail has joined several industry wide efforts calling for national and international climate change policies.
Perry sees new job partly instilling Aspen's culture
ASPEN, Colo. – The Aspen Skiing Co. and KSL Capital Partners have linked arms to do battle with Vail Resorts. It's an open question just how comfortable they will be in this new arrangement.
In April, they jointly announced plans to purchase six of Intrawest's ski areas in North America plus Banff-based Canadian Mountain Holidays, a helicopter skiing operation. In a separate deal expected to close in August, they have also purchased Mammoth and three other ski areas in southern California. Neither deal has yet closed.
A key individual in bridging the corporate cultures of the Aspen Skiing Co. and KSL Capital Partners will be David Perry. He announced last week he had left Aspen Skiing, where he had worked since 2002, most recently as chief operating officer, to consult for the new joint venture of Aspen and KSL.
Aspen Skiing will continue to operate its four Aspen-area ski areas separately from the new partnership.
In an interview with the Aspen Daily News, Perry said he will work on the "integration of the new ski company," focusing on the California ski areas. In addition to the four new ski areas located within several hours of Los Angeles being acquired, KSL Capital Partners already owns Squaw Valley and Alpine Mountain. They are now operated as one ski area.
Part of his job, Perry told the Daily News, will be "expanding and trying to bring the Aspen Skiing Co. way of doing business to this new company." The Daily News says that company executives at Aspen see their company being rooted in environmental- and community-minded values.
Perry had been vice president of marketing and sales for Whistler Blackcomb before moving to Denver at the century's turn to direct Colorado Ski Country USA for two years.
California ski area calls it a season on July 15
TRUCKEE, Calif. – Squaw Valley Alpine Meadows ended its ski season on July 15, producing a 200-day season, the longest ski season in the history of the two now-joined ski areas.
The resorts had record snow in January and then again in February, producing 728 inches for the season. Andy Wirth, the chief executive, had even talked about the endless ski season, continuing right into November. If that was perhaps highly speculative, he did seem to talk earnestly about trying to get to August by using helicopters to spread snow on runs being melted out.
But as it was, skiing by July was limited to weekends, with not nearly enough to get to August.
Water returning to health 25 years after mining ended
ANTONITO, Colo. – Life has been returning to a reservoir near a mining disaster in the San Juan Mountains north of the Colorado-New Mexico border.
Gold in the Summitville area had been mined beginning in the 1980s. But a Canadian company employed cyanide to extract gold from 1986 into 1991. It abandoned the site in late 1991, leading to a Superfund cleanup.
The Alamosa Valley Courier explains that mining processes, waste disposal practices, and discharge of large amount of copper and other heavy metals killed fish and other life in the Alamosa River and the associated Terrace Reservoir.
Now the waters are becoming healthy enough for fish, and Colorado Parks and Wildlife is proposing to build a boat ramp. Fish survival has been established through tests using stocked rainbow trout.
Beer flying and foaming down Wolf Creek Pass
PAGOSA SPRINGS, Colo. – Steep mountain passes can catch truck drivers napping, especially those from the flatlands. The Durango Herald tells of a truck bearing beer and energy drinks that upended while descending Wolf Creek Pass, in southern Colorado.
A campaign called "Beware the Wolf" tries to alert truckers of the steep grades as they crest the Continental Divide and start heading down toward Pagosa Springs. The trick is to stay in low gear, to prevent the truck from picking up too much speed. But this 25-year-old trucker from Missouri thought he could tap his brakes and slow the truck. Wrong.
The trucker took the last of two emergency exit ramps before the highway takes a pair of hairpin turns. As he did, 41,100 pounds of beer foamed off his trailer.
Pedaling a breeze with new electric big rentals
PARK CITY, Utah – An all-electric bike-share program has been launched in Park City and Summit County.
All 88 bicycles in the program are electric. The pedal assistance can allow riders speeds up to 14.5 mph.
Bikes can be rented at nine locations, with more planned next summer, reports The Park Record. The cost is $2 for 45 minutes, but annual passes costing $90 allow unlimited 90-minute rides throughout the year.
Montana's ski areas take 2,100 miles of pedaling
WHITEFISH, Mont. – Tim Hinderman knows something about major human-powered trips. In 2014, he completed a 2,700-mile endurance biking trip along the Continental Divide from Mexico to Banff, Alberta.
Recently, he hopped on a bike again, this time to visit all 15 ski areas in Montana in just under a month. That will have him pedaling 2,100 miles. He'll be passing the hat for contributions to the Flathead Valley Ski Education Foundation, which he directs.
Actor Bruce Willis back to plans for an airport
HAILEY, Idaho – The actor Bruce Willis is in the news in Idaho, where a document has been submitted that calls for expansion of a limited-service airport near his ski area, Soldier Mountain. The ski area is located 65 miles from Sun Valley. The Idaho Mountain Express reports continued staunch opposition to the airport from some nearby residents near the community of Fairfield.
Parsing the arguments for a rainbow crosswalk
JASPER, Alberta – Jasper's municipal council voted 3-2 against installing a rainbow-colored crosswalk in Jasper. At least one member of a group called OUT Jasper was reduced to tears after spending months raising more than $5,000 to install the crosswalk, a symbol of the lesbian, bisexual, gay, and transgender community.
One council member cited procedural problems, but otherwise supported the rainbow crosswalk. But another member of the council said he objected to what he calls identity politics.
"I just think when you define people on one or two aspects of their identities, for me, it's the exact opposite of inclusivity because you're narrowly defining a person by a very small part of their identity," said council member Gilbert Wall.
But another councillor, Brian Nesbitt, said until there is true social equality, "I think we need things like the rainbow crosswalk."
Revelstoke not immune to big, dangerous fires
REVELSTOKE, B.C. – With so much of British Columbia aflame this summer, the question is being asked in Revelstoke: Could we have fires like that here, too?
The answer, reports the Revelstoke Times-Review after consulting experts is: Yes. The question is not if, but rather when.
The Revelstoke Community Wildfire Protection Plan makes a similar statement in a section looking at historic wildfires.
"Even in Revelstoke's relatively wet climate, during extreme fire seasons, when high winds occur, there is a significant risk that wildfires in this area can become uncontrollable and threaten property and lives," the authors wrote.
Most of the community, however, is surrounded by natural and man-made fuel breaks.
Still, memories in Canada and elsewhere linger of last year's fire at Fort McMurray, the hub for extraction of the oil/tar sands.
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