Rules of the recpath: Colorado road biking and mountain biking laws and etiquette |

Rules of the recpath: Colorado road biking and mountain biking laws and etiquette

A cyclist rides along the Summit County Recreational Pathway outside of Copper. Like mountain biking trails, local recpaths and roads have special rules for a growing numbers of road cyclists.
Phil Lindeman / |

Rules of the road

In general, mountain bikers and road cyclists need to follow the same rules: obey trail and traffic signs, yield to other users, keep your head always on a swivel and look two turns ahead. But riding on roads and recpaths at speeds of 40-plus miles per hour comes with special regulations. For rules governing longboards — considered human-powered vehicles, just like bikes — see the sports section at

Always travel on the right-hand side of the road or recpath

Only travel two abreast where you are clearly visible from 200 feet away

Road cyclist must ride in the right-hand lane or a designated bike lane, where available (and there are plenty available)

Road cyclists can use a full lane through roundabouts

If you stop, pull to the shoulder or off the recpath — and that means the entire group

In Breckenridge and Dillon, and on Summit County recpaths, stop signs can be treated as yield signs

In Frisco and Silverthorne, stop signs require a full stop

No matter where you are, stop lights require a full stop

Sources: Summit County Recreational Pathways Regulations of 2004;

Let’s talk about mountain biking trail courtesy.

If you look through ads and stories in mountain bike magazines, videos or websites, you’d think most mountain bikers spend their time flying through the air or sliding their bikes through corners while wearing full-face helmets, goggles and body armor.

The fact of the matter is that despite what the media portrays, most mountain bikers are a bit more tame and do what these days is categorized as “cross-country” or “trail” riding. (I’ve always just thought of it as “mountain biking.”)

But it seems there is a need to categorize almost everything in today’s world, and mountain biking is no different.

Going back to those ads with the goggled bikers, you’ll notice that nowhere in those photos are the subjects interacting with other members of the trail-using public. You don’t see descenders encountering climbers, or mountain bikers interacting with foot and equestrian traffic.

The vast majority of trails here in Summit are multi-use, multi-directional trails and most will remain multi-use and multi-directional (with exceptions like B-Line skills trail and Barney Flow in Breckenridge). We mountain bikers will encounter other trail users, whether they’re on bikes, on foot or on horses.

The right of way

I’ll start with yielding. When we encounter foot traffic on our bikes, we should always yield. That means make sure the walkers are aware of you and your bike. A friendly, “Hello, do you mind if I go by?” works wonders, then slow to a crawl and pass.

Yes, more often than not the hikers will step off the trail to let you by, but you should always give them the option first. When I’m out biking and encounter oncoming folks on foot, even if they step aside I will often stop and tell them to come on by, just as a matter of good will. I’m not a huge hiker, but when I do hike I get brushed off by enough bikers that I can understand why some hikers have a bit of a ’tude toward bikers and, in some cases, want bikes banned from select trails.

When approaching on bike to bike, descenders should always yield to climbers. And by “yield” I mean STOP, then pull slightly off the trail and give the climber enough room to pass. Climbers are the ones working hard, and getting started again after stopping can be really tough on a steep or technical climb.

Once again, if the climber stops and waves you by it’s fair game, but they should always have the option.

On wider trails or double-track it’s fine to pass without stopping, but do slow down! By the way, yielding does not mean ride off the trail and blast though the brush without hardly tapping the brakes. It means ride with enough restraint — assume someone or something is around that blind corner — that you have enough control to stop in time, without it turning into a full on, panic-stop type of situation.

Headphones and boomboxes

Sorry for the preaching, but we mountain bikers really can be our own worst enemy. We have it really great here in Summit County — so great that we might be guilty of taking it for granted. Many other places across the state see plenty of heated conflict, leading to situations that are not as favorable as here in Summit. Let’s keep our situation positive, our trails world class and our community relatively harmonious.

While I’m on my high horse — and soap box — I’ll mention another trail courtesy subject: Music on the trail. Many folks like to listen to music while they ride, walk or run. Now, I love music and I play music, and while my personal preference is to leave artificial sound at home (beyond the creak of the bottom bracket I’ve been meaning to fix), there’s nothing wrong with listening to music on the trail as long as you are still aware of what’s going on around you, or as long as you’re not imposing your tunes on everyone within earshot.

It’s not just courtesy, it’s also a safety issue: Avoiding collisions between two people means both people need to be aware of each other.

Too many times I’ve come up behind someone who, despite me repeatedly calling out “Hello!” louder and louder, is oblivious to my presence because they have their earbuds cranking. I’ve had to actually tap people on their shoulders because they couldn’t hear me, which almost always causes them to practically jump out of their skin. Knowing what’s going on around you requires you to be able to hear, so ride (or walk) with the volume turned down, or at least leave one bud out.

Above I mentioned imposing your taste in music on others within earshot. Over the last few years, I’ve noticed a small but increasing number of people riding with music coming out of their backpacks.

Yes, boomboxes have finally become compact and light enough to fit in a Camelbak.

Last year I was working with other volunteers during a Summit Fat Tire Society workday on the Colorado Trail and heard what I thought for sure was distant music getting closer. It turned out to indeed be approaching music, as this person had the jams turned up to the point that anyone within a few hundred yards knew it. Call me a curmudgeon, but please don’t impose your music on others.

Mike Zobbe is lifelong gearhead and longtime mountain biker originally from Indianapolis. He serves as vice president of the Summit Fat Tire Society, a nonprofit advocacy group dedicated to access, maintenance and stewardship on local trails.

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