Ask Eartha: We have to work together to fix the climate crisis
Dear Eartha, I’ve heard that to avoid the scariest impacts of climate change, we need to limit warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius. Are we doing enough to get there? What would it take to hit that target?
As we emerge from the COVID-19 reality of the past year, it’s worth reflecting on the world we’re returning to. Frankly, most of us have been climate hedonists — driving inefficient cars, living in ever larger houses and buying all the latest and greatest gizmos and gadgets. And with life returning to normal across most of the world, so are carbon emissions. In fact, the International Energy Agency predicts that global demand for fossil fuels will grow significantly this year.
Our continued addiction to a fossil-based economy does not aid the quest to limit average global temperature increase to 2 degrees Celsius above preindustrial levels (that’s 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit). This is the goal of the Paris Agreement, but the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change — the United Nations body charged with researching climate change — asserts that it would be better for most of humanity if we limited warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) instead.
Are we doing enough? The short answer is not yet. While the U.S. and European Union recently committed to reaching net-zero emissions by 2050 (helping meet the 1.5 degree Celsius goal), we’re not seeing short-term action commensurate with that reality. But now the International Energy Agency is weighing in. In a significant shift, the agency recently issued a report urging the global community to de-fossilize the global economy within the next 30 years.
Road map to zero carbon
What makes this move by the International Energy Agency so promising? It’s not an environmental group. Rather, the agency is a highly respected organization that advises nations on energy policy. Founded in the 1970s to help countries navigate the oil crisis, it’s historically taken an all-fuels, all-technologies approach to its recommendations. Now, it’s calling for a total reimagining of our global energy systems. Still prioritizing cost-effectiveness, technical feasibility and social acceptance, the agency released a road map to help countries achieve this transformation. What will it take? Here are some key milestones:
- Beginning this year, no new oil and gas development and no new coal plants unless they include carbon capture and storage
- Beginning in 2025, no sales of new gas-powered boilers
- Beginning in 2030, all new buildings are zero-carbon ready
- Beginning in 2035, no sales of new gas-powered cars — electric and other alternative fuels only
- By 2050, nearly 70% of the world’s electricity is provided by wind and solar
Ambitious? You bet. And developed countries will have to work faster and be willing to assist developing countries in meeting these targets. But all the technology we need already exists (although some is still nascent, so we need to prioritize research and development, too).
Think globally, act locally
Although International Energy Agency’s guidance is directed at countries, the agency estimates consumer choices will drive more than half of the estimated emissions reductions. That means decisions we make, like driving an electric vehicle, investing in energy efficiency at home or work, replacing gas furnaces with heat pumps — all these choices will make a huge difference for the climate.
Locally, we’re already working on a number of these ideas. Our communities offer energy efficiency programs for homes and businesses. High Country Conservation Center and several partners just completed an electric vehicle readiness plan to make it easier to drive electric in the county. Recently adopted local building codes put us on the path toward net-zero energy buildings. We’re making progress here and at the state level. The momentum is encouraging.
Allow me to channel my inner self-help author for a moment: Is our current global society truly the best version of humanity? Are we content to continue burning fossil fuels without a thought to the suffering of our neighbors, both here and abroad, not to mention the health of the ecosystems we all live in? I’d like to think we can do better.
Recently, I heard someone comment that solving climate change is our generation’s moonshot, only this time it’ll take all of us working together to make it happen. We went to the moon, so let’s all pitch in now to fix the climate crisis.
Ask Eartha Steward is written by the staff at the High Country Conservation Center, a nonprofit organization dedicated to waste reduction and resource conservation. Submit questions to Eartha at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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