Test your knowledge about tobacco and your health
Test your knowledge about smoking, secondhand smoke, and chewing tobacco.
1. TRUE OR FALSE
Exposure to secondhand smoke puts infants at risk of a number of respiratory health problems, including pneumonia, impaired lung function and asthma.
2. TRUE OR FALSE
You can not absorb nicotine and other compounds with secondhand smoke as smokers do.
Explanation: More than 3,000 chemicals are present in tobacco smoke, including at least 60 known carcinogens. Tobacco also contains nicotine that causes physical addiction which makes it difficult for people to stop smoking.
3. TRUE OR FALSE.
You can not develop lung cancer from secondhand smoke.
Explanation: In 1986 two landmark reports (U.S. Surgeon General, National Academy of Sciences; National Research Council) published on effects of secondhand smoke on nonsmokers concluded that secondhand smoke can cause lung cancer and has been linked to nasal sinus cancer in healthy adult nonsmokers.
4. MULTIPLE CHOICE
Each year, how many nonsmoking adults (never smokers and former smokers) in the U.S. die of lung cancer as a result of exposure to secondhand smoke.
A. 400 B. 1,000 C. 2,000 D. 3,000
5. TRUE OR FALSE
If you stop smoking, the effects of smoking are reversible.
Explanation: A former smoker’s lung function is less than a nonsmoker. The premature facial wrinkling caused by smoking are also irreversible. The good news is that many studies prove that tobacco-related health effects decline as time away from smoking increases. However, former smokers as a group are at higher risk for developing cancer and heart disease than nonsmokers.
6. MULTIPLE CHOICE
How many times more common are miscarriages and stillbirths in smokers than nonsmokers?
A. no difference B. two times C. two to three more times
Explanation: Increase in miscarriage risk is due to oxygen deprivation to the unborn child and placental abnormalities induced by the carbon monoxide and nicotine in cigarette smoke.
Smokers have a four times more risk of having a low birthweight baby.
Low birthweight babies are more likely to have impaired physical, emotional, and intellectual development.
7. TRUE OR FALSE
Chew tobacco is a harmless alternative to smoking.
Explanation: Chew tobacco contains nitrosamines and cancer-causing chemicals from the curing process. Chew tobacco can cause your gums to pull away from your teeth, and the gums do not grow back. Leathery white patches, called leukoplakia, and red sores are common and can turn into cancer.
You can quit. For more information call the Colorado Quitline – 1-800-639-Quit (7848). For any questions, call Summit County Public Health Nursing, Kate Khavari RN, BSN, Public Health Nurse, at (970) 668-4177.
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